Car accidents can cause a major disruption of one’s day at best. If an injury results from the accident the complications increase. Knowing your responsibilities ahead of time can help you to stay calm and follow through with the proper protocol.

Criminal code section 252 (1) in Canada has specific guidelines for accident victims to follow. This law expects for the person involved in accident involving another vehicle or person to stop to exchange information including name and address. In the event of an injury assistance must be offered if needed. Refusing to adhere to these expectations constitutes an offense.

Consequences following abandonment of the accident scene may include prison time up to 5 years. The extent of injury to the victimized party may play a part in dictating the punishment. A resulting death could contribute to life in prison for the offending party.

Legislation

Traffic Safety Act, Section 69 outlines the protocol for hit and run accidents in Alberta, Canada. The detailed outline explains the responsibilities concerning the driver of a vehicle involved in a car accident.

  • It is expected for drivers to stay at the scene or return in a short amount of time
  • Assistance must be rendered if needed to the best ability of the individual
  • Information in written form must be provided to relevant parties, including victims, witnesses, and police. This information may include:
  • Name and address
  • License number
  • Name and address
  • License plate number displayed on vehicle
  • Insurance documentation

If a parked car has been violated the perpetrator must leave a note explaining the damage. This information should include:

  • name and address
  • driver’s license number
  • license plate number

If the location of an accident is on a highway or adjacent to one, the owner of the damaged property should be located if possible. The owner of the vehicle causing the damage must provide the following information:

  • name and address
  • driver’s license number
  • license plate number

The Traffic Safety Act put these restrictions in place to protect drivers physically and financially. In the event that a driver is hurt and unable to comply due to the injury, a second party may provide needed information or it can be provided as soon as physically possible. If the collision is a result of a driver other than the vehicle owner, the owner must come forward with needed information upon receiving news of the accident.

Failure to follow these expectations can lead o a large fine, up to $2,000.00. Six months imprisonment is also a possibility and may be combined with the fine for optimal punishment.

Hit and run perpetrators may be found if a license plate number is provided. The individual will then be persecuted under the law according to Section 160(1). The owner of the vehicle is responsible under this law which reads as follows:

“If a vehicle is in an offence, the owner of that vehicle is guilty of an offence”.